1) Characteristic triggers, include erratic mealtimes, sleep loss, acute stress, exercise, atmospheric pressure change, bright lights, loud noises, smoking or exposure to tobacco smoke, alcohol use, caffeine, and use of oral contraceptives. Foods associated with migraine include those containing the amino acid tyramine (red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish, chicken livers, figs, some beans), chocolates, nuts, peanut butter, fruits (avocado, banana, citrus fruit), onions, dairy products, baked goods, meats containing nitrates (bacon, hot dogs, salami, cured meats), foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG), the artificial sweetener aspartame, and any processed, fermented pickled, or marinated foods
2) Nonpharmacologic treatment measures
Certain tints or light filters can help to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraine headaches. Sometimes including prism in your glasses can also help. Good health habits, including adequate sleep, healthy diet, regular exercise, and stress management are important nondrug strategies for managing migraines. Patients should avoid headache triggers (e.g., food, changes in sleep patterns, emotional stress). Keeping a diary is a useful way to identify factors that bring on headaches. Additionally, quitting smoking is essential in reducing the risks for all headaches. Behavioral therapies, including relaxation exercises, yoga, visualization and guided imagery, acupuncture, acupressure, and biofeedback, have proven effective for migraine patients, as well, proving as effective as pharmacologic management in some studies.
3) If you require more effective treatment, see your physician (General practioner)